Urine Scalp in Rabbits.
Urine scald in rabbits, also known as urine burn or urine scald dermatitis, occurs when the skin around the rabbit's genital area becomes irritated and inflamed due to prolonged exposure to urine. It is more common in rabbits with mobility issues, such as those with paralysis or limited movement.
To help prevent and treat urine scald in rabbits, here are some steps you can take:
1. Keep the living environment clean: Regularly clean and maintain the rabbit's living area, ensuring that it is dry, free from urine, and well-ventilated. Remove wet bedding and soiled areas promptly.
2. Provide proper bedding: Choose bedding materials that are absorbent, such as straw or paper-based bedding, to help keep the area dry. Avoid using bedding that retains moisture, such as wood shavings or sawdust.
3. Modify the living space: For rabbits with mobility issues, provide a comfortable and spacious living area that allows them to move around easily. Consider providing ramps or platforms to help them navigate and avoid soiling themselves.
4. Check and clean the genital area: Regularly check the rabbit's genital area for signs of urine scald. If you notice redness, inflammation, or sores, gently clean the area with warm water and mild soap. Pat the area dry, and apply a thin layer of a rabbit-safe topical ointment or petroleum jelly to create a barrier against further irritation.
5. Adjust diet and hydration: Ensure that your rabbit's diet consists of high-quality hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets. Proper nutrition and hydration can help maintain a healthy urinary system and prevent concentrated urine that can contribute to urine scald.
If urine scald persists or worsens despite your efforts, it is essential to consult a veterinarian experienced with rabbits for a thorough examination and appropriate treatment. They may prescribe topical medications, recommend dietary adjustments, or provide further guidance based on the severity of the condition.
Remember, prevention is key, so proactive measures to maintain a clean and dry living environment for your rabbit can help minimize the risk of urine scald. Regular veterinary check-ups are also recommended to ensure your rabbit's overall health and well-being.